The last ten years have seen fantastic developments in technology and engineering, giving way to inventions we could scarcely have imagined just a short time ago. Blockchain, artificial intelligence, 5G, robotics, all of these are expected to continue going from strength to strength into 2019 and beyond.
Upcoming Engineering Advancements
Cyber-crime seems to be more prevalent than ever. With hackers becoming more sophisticated, and concerns over privacy rising in the wake of Facebook data scandals, there is high demand for a more secure online world.
One way this can be achieved is through Blockchain: the basis of the technology that allows for bitcoin. While the technology has existed for years, new uses for it include high level cryptography that could drastically the ease of cyber-crime.
The technology itself works by establishing a permanent ledger of transactions distributed over a secure network. Each block in the chain contains a ‘hash’ of the previous block, along with a timestamp and accompanying data. As the technology is decentralised and the data is spread across many points, or ‘nodes’, it is almost impossible to hack. This could potentially revolutionise cyber-security, keeping databases secure, and ensuring privacy on a scale we currently can only dream of.
Artificial Intelligence is going to be used in almost very single sector and industry around the world. Whether used to analyse data and find trends, recognise faces, predict natural disasters, or make production lines more efficient, AI can’t be ignored. Already worth over a trillion dollars, the technology is marked to be one of the most significant advancements in human history. It’s predicted that by the end of 2019, 40% of businesses will use AI to automate some element of their business.
AI is getting smarter thanks to a new method of digital learning where one system is pitted against another system. This way the two opposed AI’s teach each other, learning from their mistakes, and improving with each subsequent round of combat. This is known as a generative adversarial network, and in theory can help any AI system learn more about the world.
Augmented Reality (AR) allows for additional information to be displayed through a visual medium, giving a deeper understanding of whatever they’re looking at. This is certain to be a massive development for the aviation, automotive, and marine sectors. AR can immediately analyse complex situations, find problems the human eye couldn’t, and could even help save lives.
The technology is set to become more refined and intricate over the next year, with developments coming through huge amounts of investment. The sector is worth anywhere between $30-160 billion dollars, and is only set to grow over the next few years.
Engineering has the power to change the world, and advanced new technologies like these will revolutionise business, security, and computing power. These systems will be crucial to the aviation, automotive, and marine industries also, ensuring robust security to protect these vital sectors.