Engineering is the key to solving some of the biggest problems facing the planet right now. Global warming, food production, transport, pollution, all these require engineers to come up with creative solutions and implement change on a massive scale over the coming years.
Several countries are utilising everything at their disposal to become engineering powerhouses and tackle these problems. Engineering is also a way to drive economies forward, and with manufacturing growing in demand across all sectors, engineering is set to experience fantastic growth over the next decade.
If you work in engineering, here are some new skills you’ll need by 2020.
These Countries Will Be Engineering Hubs in 2020
India is in the midst of economic boom currently, enjoying monumental growth thanks to its engineering exports. Engineering exports from India reached a total of $65.23 million for the financial year of 2017. In 2018, that number rose to $76 billion. This is all supported by the Indian government, who are attempting to encourage a culture of engineering as a means of economic growth and self-sufficiency.
Over a quarter of India’s engineering exports are products or machinery used in the automotive, aviation, or marine sectors, all areas of high revenue and long-term stability. The aviation market in India has experienced unprecedented growth over the last few years, and will only continue to grow as the country’s engineers learn more, making India a viable alternative to more established aviation hubs.
China has been steadily growing as an engineering superpower for years. Its current focus is to dominate the robotics and artificial intelligence markets. Its ‘Made in China 2025’ initiative is poised to disrupt US superiority in the market, largely supported by the Chinese government.
But China is also looking to work on more ambitious engineering projects. There are reports that China is considering building a second moon to reflect more light, thus eliminating its need for streetlights. Its this level of ingenuity and creativity that may see China become the most developed country in term of engineering in the 21st Century.
Despite the US government seeming to ignore the looming climate crisis, American environmental engineering jobs are predicted to rise by 22% through 2020. These are incredibly attractive and well-paying jobs, and only growing in importance as the world runs out of resources.
If the Earth is doomed, the US is also working hard on technology to escape and colonise the moon. Arguably the most impressive engineering feat in human history, space travel is looking to become a possibility for more people than ever before as commercial spaceflight begins to open up as a new avenue of tourism.
The same technology will be pivotal in helping us colonise the moon, then Mars, and beyond.
Japan has always been an engineering hub, with some of the most advanced and impressive infrastructure in the world. Flying cars have long been a staple of our imagined visions of the future, but Japan appears to be set on making this a reality by the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.
In the more traditional automotive market, Japan has set standards across the industry for decades. In a bid to move away from nuclear power, the Japanese government is offering 2 million yen in subsidies for owners of fuel-cell powered cars, with an additional million for those in Tokyo. The vast majority of the cars may well be autonomous, with Japan making great stride to update its infrastructure to allow for driverless cars.
With oil and gas predicted to begin a slow decline over the coming decades, the UAE has a new focus on nuclear energy. The Barakah Nuclear Power Plant is the first of its kind in the UAE, and will generate 5,600 megawatts, supplying around 25% of the country’s energy needs. Currently under development, this impressive project will cost around $23 billion. From there, the UAE will need to continue investing in alternative energy sources as its oil reserves slowly dwindle.