What are the 5 best engineering sectors to join in 2019?
1. Environmental and Conservation Science
The future is green for businesses big and small. The environmental footprint of businesses has become a major responsibility for most; with this in mind, the job opportunities available in the environmental and conservational science industry have rapidly increased.
In 2016, the global renewable energy sector employed 9.8 million people, thus becoming one of the leading sources of jobs around the world.
Green energy is set to flourish - making better use of the planet's resources will be essential as population growth continues to strain existing infrastructure.
Engineering industries are beginning to adopt a green future. For instance, Marine industry experts are continuously investing more resources and money in to the future of Hybrid Propulsion Systems.
2. Computer Engineering
There is an ever-growing need for high-level computer experts able to tie systems together across the globe – working in computer engineering puts an individual at a competitive advantage. Companies will continue to need networks that are faster, more seamless, and more secure as the years pass by.
Technology giants are moving as fast as possible to develop software that satisfies high customer expectations and increased demand. The rapidly growing software industry will need plenty of skilled talent to achieve individual company success and meet demand.
However, fundamental changes in the engineering industry have created a polarising skills gap in software and computer engineering. Despite being one of the best industries to join in 2019, the skills required for computer engineers vary dramatically from those who studied a decade ago, to those now graduating from university or apprenticeships; this has created a the skills gap to widen, creating a shortage in the industry.
Read more about skills shortages in the software development industry.
3. Artificial Intelligence & Robotics
Advancements in technology continue to generate breakthroughs in multiple industries, including engineering. Areas that show significant promise are nanotechnology, robotics, AI, 3D printing, and manufacturing - meaning that the demand for workers will increase throughout the next year.
Love it or hate it – Artificial Intelligence is the next frontier in technology. AI is continuously improving and is expected to evolve rapidly over the next couple of years.
Huge, reputable technology companies such as Google and Microsoft are heavily investing in AI as the industry is expected to be worth an incredible £70billion by 2020. Jeff Bezos, Amazon’s CEO, has said that ‘we’re on the edge of a golden era’ in reference to AI developments.
Additionally, what was once a cartoon in the 1970’s is now becoming a reality for the 2020’s – Robots are no longer the stuff of sci-fi dreams. Robots are already manufacturing shoes, greeting patients at hospitals, and even making pizzas - their entrance into the workforce has ushered in a new Age of Automation.
Even though there is concern for a shift in the labour landscape (which will see approximately 47 per cent of today’s jobs disappear over the next 20 years), arguably technology will continually generate and create new jobs, meaning the exponential growth of the multibillion-dollar industry will offer huge opportunities for those working within it.
4. Automotive Industry
The future is driverless. Car makers like Ford and General Motors are striking up billion-dollar deals with Silicon Valley tech firms for a seamless, connected and autonomous automotive industry.
Conor McKeon, VHR’s Divisional Director of Engineering and Technical, was interviewed this year’s at the Autonomous Vehicle Technology World Expo and discussed the progression of Autonomous and Electric Vehicles in the automotive industry:
“There is so much growing technology in the area of AVs and EVs and there is a need for skilled engineers… a lot of the autonomous vehicle market is to do with software, IT, and things that are not so mainstream in the automotive market.”
There are still a lot of creases to iron out regarding ethical and legislation issues, but experts agree that autonomous vehicles industry is the future of automotive.
The race to be the first to introduce driverless cars in to the market has already begun – which as a result, means the competition in the automotive industry is getting fierce, thus generating more job opportunities and career progression, meeting the criteria of one of the best industries to join in 2019.
Looking for a career in Autonomous Vehicles?
5. Drones & Aerospace
Amazingly, the drone industry is set to thrive by 6,000% by the end of the decade. Drones are transitioning in to an indispensable business tool, with the industry predicted to contribute over US$127 billion to the economy by 2020.
A report by PwC summaries countless ways that drones could change the world in the future, thus changing the landscape of the aerospace industry:
‘Drones could be the next workhorse for the agriculture industry, flying over fields to detect and spray failing crops. They could be used by law enforcement to surveil international sporting events – and if incorporated with machine learning and facial recognition technology, identify wanted criminals. Hospitals could deploy drones with defibrillators to patients suffering heart attacks and effectively increase the survival rate from 8% to 80%.’
It’s an industry that is expecting a lot of growth in the supply and manufacturing of parts for these machines. Currently, they’re being produced in mass, but there’s plenty of room in the business for entrepreneurship and development in careers.